A.A. Maliavko
Abstract: The article discusses possible ways to reduce the time spent on the simulation of an artificial neural network, whose architecture is focused on the study of self-learning mechanisms. On the basis of comparison with biological neural systems that are known to be capable of self-learning, some assumptions are formulated about the possible structure of such a network as a combination of several functionally diverse types of multilayer neuron blocks. Connections between neurons are directed mainly from the network input to its output, but there are also connections between neurons of the same layer, as well as connections of the reverse direction. The effect of self-study may be achieved with the implementation of continuous cyclic modeling of the network, which is fully consistent with the mechanisms of functioning of biological prototypes. Continuous simulation of a network with a large number of neurons requires very large expenditures of computer time. Therefore, the focus is on the use of heterogeneous computers that provide significantly greater computing power compared to computers of traditional architecture. It describes a parallel software model developed for conducting experiments on the study of self-learning mechanisms on multi-core computers with several graphics processors, and the algorithm implemented in this model for the distribution and load balancing of graphics processors and cores of the central processor. The results of experiments on two different heterogeneous computers, showing a relatively weak effect of accelerating calculations if use of one or several GPUs, are presented. This effect can be explained by the need to constantly move large amounts of data between the main memory and the memory of graphics processors due to the continuous reconfiguration of the parameters of interneuron connections carried out by the simulator in the study of self-learning algorithms.
Index terms: neural network coordinates of the seat of fire, activation function, multipoint electro-optical system


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