Abstract: We present a review of the specific toxicity of nanoparticles as of 2021. Properties of inorganic nanoparticles of synthetic and anthropogenic origin, mechanism of their toxicity and factors forming the specific toxicity of nanoparticles are considered. The structure of nanoparticles, surface state and structuring effect determining the specific toxicity are considered. The application of nanoparticles in cosmetology, medicine as well as the properties of nanoparticles of anthropogenic origin are considered.
Index terms: specific toxicity of nanoparticles, structure of nanoparticles, application, cosmetic preparations.

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