T.R. Shakirov, M.S. Vafina
DOI: 10.25699/SSSB.2021.39.5.018 Download PDF
Abstract: The article shows the need to study the kinetics of the dissolution processes of carnallite rocks of the Permian deposits of the Urals. The technique of preparation of samples, laboratory study of the rate of dissolution in water is described. The data on the chemical composition of samples of 4-color differences of carnallite rocks, textural and structural features, the results of determining the rate of dissolution and the material composition of the water-insoluble residue are presented. The purpose of the study was to study the rate and processes of dissolution in water at a temperature of 500C in the forced convection mode and to assess the influence of the textural and structural features of the carnallite rocks of the Urals. The objectives of the study were: determination of salt and mineral compositions, study of textural and structural features and assessment of the effect of microinclusions on the kinetics of the dissolution process. When solving the tasks, the following methods were used: study of the textural and structural features of carnallite rocks - by the petrographic method; determination of the rate of dissolution and density of samples - by the gravimetric method; determination of the density of brines - pycnometric method; the chemical composition of the initial samples and solutions (brines) was analyzed by AES-spectrometry; the mineral composition of the water-insoluble residue - by X-ray quantitative phase analysis. The factual material of the research is analyzed, the corresponding conclusions are drawn. Studies have shown that important factors affecting the kinetics of dissolution processes are the material composition and textural-structural properties. In this work, the total (mass) rate of dissolution of samples was determined, including the vertical and horizontal components. The iron oxide film outlining the grains of carnallite rocks screens the dissolution surface, slowing down the diffusion process. The presence of halite and its uneven content causes fluctuations during dissolution, slowing down the dissolution process over time. Microinclusions of gases have a positive effect on the dynamics of the dissolution process, enhancing convection and mass transfer. With an increase in the hydrodynamic parameters of the solvent (density and viscosity), the dissolution rate decreases. The research results can be suitable for the organization of mining by underground dissolution and for the processing of carnallite rocks of the Permian deposits of the Urals by the halurgical method.
Index terms: kinetics, dissolution, carnallite rock, texture, structure, halite, film, gases, halurgy.


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